30 June 2009

"big eye, plugged in" An edgy scrapbook page by Little Mo

Mixed-media scrapbook collage by Morris Armstrong Jr. proudly a.k.a. "Little Mo" author of the new prose+scrapbook novel now previewing at TheConcreteJungleBook.com where you can also slap your own images and text on this edgy scrapbook page. Acrylics (Elmer's Painters markers, "Neon"), scrapbook papers, magazine advertisement. 11" X 14".

29 June 2009

hi there....;-)

hi there....;-), originally uploaded by wojofoto.

28 June 2009

Weeping Mary Baptist Church

P1040068, originally uploaded by halfassnovelist.

27 June 2009

rest in peace

rest in peace, originally uploaded by Luckykatt.

Michael Jackson 1958-2009

Michael Jackson, R.I.P.


25 June 2009

RIP Michael Jackson

RIP Michael Jackson, originally uploaded by .FAKE..

the news report Michael has died

he was the best entertainer ever ! this is a big loss!


24 June 2009

atlanta love

atlanta love, originally uploaded by flesh pinata.

"a-t-double-l. i went on a roadtrip. this is a place i visited... and vandalized. lesley kerr took this picture. she is nice."

23 June 2009

Migraine Doodle

Migraine Doodle, originally uploaded by Migraine Chick.

"I used Dover Clip art for the girl and I migraine doodled her head!"

21 June 2009


fake, originally uploaded by wojofoto.

20 June 2009

West Village Street Art

West Village Street Art, originally uploaded by LoisInWonderland.


Plant communication: Sagebrush engage in self-recognition and warn of danger

IMAGE: This is professor Richard Karban of the Department of Entomology, University of California, Davis.

Click here for more information.

DAVIS--"To thine own self be true" may take on a new meaning—not with people or animal behavior but with plant behavior.

Plants engage in self-recognition and can communicate danger to their "clones" or genetically identical cuttings planted nearby, says professor Richard Karban of the Department of Entomology, University of California, Davis, in groundbreaking research published in the current edition of Ecology Letters.

Karban and fellow scientist Kaori Shiojiri of the Center for Ecological Research, Kyoto University, Japan, found that sagebrush responded to cues of self and non-self without physical contact.

The sagebrush communicated and cooperated with other branches of themselves to avoid being eaten by grasshoppers, Karban said. Although the research is in its early stages, the scientists suspect that the plants warn their own kind of impending danger by emitting volatile cues. This may involve secreting chemicals that deter herbivores or make the plant less profitable for herbivores to eat, he said.

IMAGE: Sagebrush exhibits communication only when air contact is allowed, says Richard "Rick " Karban, shown here bagging sagebrush. When air contact is blocked with plastic bags there is no indication...

Click here for more information.

What this research means is that plants are "capable of more sophisticated behavior than we imagined," said Karban, who researches the interactions between herbivores (plant-eating organisms) and their host plants.

"Plants are capable of responding to complex cues that involve multiple stimuli," Karban said. "Plants not only respond to reliable cues in their environments but also produce cues that communicate with other plants and with other organisms, such as pollinators, seed disperses, herbivores and enemies of those herbivores."

In their UC Davis study, Karban and Shiojiri examined the relationships between the volatile profiles of clipped plants and herbivore damage They found that plants within 60 centimeters of an experimentally clipped neighbor in the field experienced less leaf damage over the season, compared with plants near an unclipped neighbor. Plants with root contact between neighbors, but not air contact, failed to show this response.

"We explored self-recognition in the context of plant resistance to herbivory ," he said. "Previously we found that sagebrush (Artemisa tridentata) became more resistant to herbivores after exposure to volatile cues from experimentally damaged neighbors."

The ecologists wrote that "naturally occurring herbivores caused similar responses as experimental clipping with scissors and active cues were released for up to three days following clipping. Choice and no-choice experiments indicated that herbivores responded to changes in plant characteristics and were not being repelled directly by airborne cues released by clipped individuals."

In earlier research, Karban found that "volatile cues are required for communication among branches within an individual sagebrush plant. This observation suggests that communication between individuals may be a by-product of a volatile communication system that allows plants to integrate their own systemic physiological processes."

The scientists made cuttings from 30 sagebrush plants at the UC Sagehen Creek Natural Reserve and then grew the cutting in plastic pots. They grew the cuttings at UC Davis and then placed the pots near the parent plant or near another different assay plant (control group) in the field.


The research, "Self-Recognition Affects Plant Communication and Defense," is online at http://www.citeulike.org/article/4563701. Their grant was funded by the U.S. Department of Agriculture Hatch Project and the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS).

17 June 2009

2,500-year-old bird's nest found

BBC: A 2500-year-old bird's nest has been discovered on a cliff in Greenland.

The nesting site is still continually used by gyrfalcons, the world's largest species of falcon, and is the oldest raptor nest ever recorded.

Three other nests, each over 1,000 years old, have also been found, one of which contains feathers from a bird that lived more than 600 years ago.

However, ornithologists fear climate change may soon drive the birds from these ancient nesting sites.…

16 June 2009


streetart, originally uploaded by wojofoto.

15 June 2009

Brink of Extinction

Brink of Extinction, originally uploaded by Original Bliss.

Mixed media Collage 4 x 6"
June 10, 2009

Little Bird Twinchies

Little Bird Twinchies, originally uploaded by Migraine Chick.

"I drew the outline of the little bird myself and I used acrylic paints to paint them."